The impact of group cohesion on key success measures in higher education

Thornton, Claire, Miller, Phillip and Perry, Kelly (2019) The impact of group cohesion on key success measures in higher education. Journal of Further and Higher Education, 44 (4). pp. 542-553. ISSN 0309-877X

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Abstract

Higher education institutions (HEIs) are increasingly being measured using key performance indicators (KPIs) such as student retention, success, achievement and attendance. There is a dearth of research focusing on group dynamics within classroom settings, with very little focusing on cohesion. There is, however, evidence, in organisational and sports settings, that cohesion can have a positive impact upon performance and adherence to group activities. More cohesive classes may therefore result in improved performance in higher education (HE) . This study aimed to examine whether group cohesion was related to markers of student success in higher education (HE) classes in three English colleges. Participants were 107 first-year sports students who completed the Perceived Cohesion Scale for Small Groups (PCS) at the end of semesters one and two. Responses were correlated with student attendance, success, achievement and retention. Results indicated that attendance was positively correlated with cohesion (r = 0.4, p = 0.01), but no other relationships emerged. The effect sizes were higher in semester two than in semester one, which suggests that cohesion may develop over time in student groups. The findings indicate that cohesion may be important to enhance attendance at colleges and that building cohesion should be a priority for classroom managers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Education > Further Education
Education > Higher Education
Psychology > Psychology
Education > Secondary Education
Psychology > Social Psychology
Sciences > Sport Sciences
Social Sciences > Working with Young People
Divisions: Faculty of Education and Society > School of Education
Depositing User: Kelly Perry
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2020 12:34
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2020 12:34
URI: http://sure.sunderland.ac.uk/id/eprint/12467

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